Types of ficus

The Ficus genus counts hundreds of species, some of which are used to decorate homes indoors. This is the ficus tree that comes to mind when the topic of ficus trees arises: with its shiny green leaves, dark or mottled colors, it has survived the worst of gardeners, since it can survive in very low light and even if watering has been forgotten for a while.

Yep, even rubber is a fig tree! A hybrid coming from an Asian tropical forest tree that grows feet 40 meters tall, this prize indoor plant boasts large shiny leaves that are sometimes mottled. Like the other Ficus trees, it will relax thanks to the several mist baths and moderate watering that you can provide once a week when the surface soil has dried.

Also called Ficus ginseng, microcarpa is actually a winding aerial root on which leaves grow directly. Like all bonsais, it must be regularly pruned and it fears gusts of wind.

Add fertilizer every year and repot every two years. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Meet the community. Looking for advice? Share about your garden joys and woes? On the same topic Fig tree, a summer-loving fruit tree The fig tree is an amazing fruit tree with very unique leaves.

A summary of key fig tree facts Name…. Ficus forever, everything you want to know about it The Ficus forever tree is a magnificent indoor plant and it deserves the greatest care that can be provided. Ficus tree maintenance: repotting Your ficus starts hinting it feels in a tight fit?

Common Ficus Tree Problems and How to Solve Them

Time to repot, and this short video will make things…. I have a question Ask my question. I'd like to comment Post a comment.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Log in or Join.Collectively known as fig trees or figsthey are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. The common fig F. The fruit of most other species are also edible though they are usually of only local economic importance or eaten as bushfood. However, they are extremely important food resources for wildlife.

types of ficus

Figs are also of considerable cultural importance throughout the tropics, both as objects of worship and for their many practical uses. Ficus is a pantropical genus of trees, shrubs, and vines occupying a wide variety of ecological niches ; most are evergreenbut some deciduous species are endemic to areas outside of the tropics and to higher elevations.

The specific identification of many of the species can be difficult, but figs as a group are relatively easy to recognize. Many have aerial roots and a distinctive shape or habit, and their fruits distinguish them from other plants. The fig fruit is an enclosed inflorescence, sometimes referred to as a syconiuman urn-like structure lined on the inside with the fig's tiny flowers.

The unique fig pollination system, involving tiny, highly specific wasps, known as fig wasps that enter via ostiole these subclosed inflorescences to both pollinate and lay their own eggs, has been a constant source of inspiration and wonder to biologists. All figs possess a white to yellowish latexsome in copious quantities; the twig has paired stipules or a circular stipule scar if the stipules have fallen off; and the lateral veins at the base of the leaf are steep, forming a tighter angle with the midrib than the other lateral veins, a feature referred to as "triveined".

No unambiguous older fossils of Ficus are known. However, current molecular clock estimates indicate that Ficus is a relatively ancient genus being at least 60 million years old, [5] and possibly as old as 80 million years.

The main radiation of extant species, however, may have taken place more recently, between 20 and 40 million years ago. Some better-known species that represent the diversity of the genus include the common figa small, temperate deciduous tree whose fingered fig leaf is well known in art and iconography ; the weeping fig F. Moreover, figs with different plant habits have undergone adaptive radiation in different biogeographic regions, leading to very high levels of alpha diversity.

In the tropics, Ficus commonly is the most species-rich plant genus in a particular forest. In Asia, as many as 70 or more species can co-exist. Figs are keystone species in many tropical forest ecosystems.

Their fruit are a key resource for some frugivores including fruit batsand primates including: capuchin monkeyslangursgibbons and mangabeys. They are even more important for birds such as Asian barbetspigeonshornbillsfig-parrots and bulbulswhich may almost entirely subsist on figs when these are in plenty.

24. Different Variety of Ficus Plants

Many Lepidoptera caterpillars feed on fig leaves, for example several Euploea species crow butterfliesthe plain tiger Danaus chrysippusthe giant swallowtail Papilio cresphontesthe brown awl Badamia exclamationisand Chrysodeixis eriosomaChoreutidae and Copromorphidae moths. The citrus long-horned beetle Anoplophora chinensisfor example, has larvae that feed on woodincluding that of fig trees; it can become a pest in fig plantations.

Similarly, the sweet potato whitefly Bemisia tabaci is frequently found as a pest on figs grown as potted plants and is spread through the export of these plants to other localities.

For a list of other diseases common to fig trees, see List of foliage plant diseases Moraceae. The wood of fig trees is often soft and the latex precludes its use for many purposes.

It was used to make mummy caskets in Ancient Egypt. Certain fig species mainly F. Mutuba F.Popularly known as fig trees, ficus plants become great houseplants. These medium to large-sized ornamental plants also help in improving the air quality indoors.

Native to East Asia, Creeping Ficus is a delightful, indoor house plant with small, lush green leaves with a leathery feel. The growth rate of this beautiful plant is impressive, as it reaches up to a maximum length of feet and can be utilized in hanging baskets. Fiddle Leaf Fig is a great pick when it comes to choosing a perfect indoor plant for your living room or office. Native to East Africa, it features large light green leaves with a slender, waxy, and dark foliage. This fashionable plant grows up to a height of feet indoors in the right nurturing conditions.

To know more about growing and taking care of your fiddle leaf fig, click here! It is a delightful indoor houseplant, commonly grown in the Southeast Asian regions. The rubber plant has a large, oval-shaped, dark-glossy green foliage and a tall structure that grows pretty well, vertically upwards to a height of feet tall.

To know more about growing and caring for rubber plants, click here! Weeping fig is an attractive plant with a tree-like structure, slenderly elongated branches, and dark-glossy-green leaves with pointed ends.

Native to Australia and South-east Asian countries, the beautiful plants can grow up to a height of feet! The leaves of the Ficus Ali plant are long, narrow shaped and are olive green in color. It towers to a height of feet indoors and requires less care, as compared to its relatives. Native to the tropical regions of Africa, African Fig is a small, pretty plant, with dark green rounded leaves and an attractive, flashy green foliage.

It also has air-purifying capabilities and helps in balancing the humidity of your space. With proper nourishment, African fig can grow up to a tall height of feet indoors. Ficus Ginseng is a popular indoor houseplant native to the tropical regions of Asia and Africa.

It has dark-green leaves and a ginger-shaped fat trunk with aerial roots, making it an ideal bonsai specimen. Growing to a height between feet, it can make a perfect addition to your home.

types of ficus

Bengal Fig is an astounding ornamental indoor plant, featuring olive-shaped leaves with a leathery touch. It is native to India and Pakistan and can grow up to a height of feet. Also, it helps in purifying the air quality of your home. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Sign in. Log into your account. Password recovery. Balcony Garden Web. Forgot your password? Get help. Facebook Pinterest Twitter LinkedIn.

Please enter your comment! Please enter your name here. You have entered an incorrect email address! Recent Posts.When a ficus Ficus spp. Suitable for outdoor planting in U. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 12, outdoor ficus have similar potting needs to those kept indoors. Whether planting indoors or out, ficus need well-drained soil that is fertile. Potting mixes that are soil-based provide the best soil environment for the ficus' root system.

This soil mix ensures the ficus receives the nutrients it needs while retaining moisture. Add a slow-release fertilizer that you sprinkle over the soil or mix with water; quick-release fertilizer may burn the ficus' roots.

Let the soil dry between waterings.

Types of Ficus Trees

Water the ficus if the soil is dry 1 inch below the surface. If your ficus is in a pot 10 inches or smaller in diameter, it needs annual repotting to accommodate its growth. Repot larger ficus every two to three years.

You can tell when your ficus needs repotting because its growth begins to slow and the soil dries out quickly, indicating the ficus has expanded to its maximum in its current container.

Don't make drastic changes in size, move up only 1 to 2 inches in pot size. Gently tip the ficus out of its pot, and evaluate its roots. Cut any crossed or twisted roots. Put the ficus in the new pot, filling the excess area with potting soil. Water every two to three days for three weeks before resuming your usual watering schedule.

types of ficus

Ficus love light and warmth, as the plants are native to the warmer climates of Southeast Asia and northern Australia. When potting your ficus indoors or out, focus on setting the ficus in a spot that receives morning sun and afternoon shade. If direct sun isn't possible, put the pot in a location where the ficus receives bright, indirect light.

Ficus dislike change, so expect leaf drop after potting your ficus. Changes in location, watering, humidity or temperature often result in a ficus dropping its leaves.

This can be disheartening, especially when you've just potted the plant or moved it to ensure it gets more light. If you have potted the plant in soil suitable to its needs with a slow-release fertilizer, continue with your usual watering schedule in its new location.

The ficus will fully recover, producing leaves suitable to the change in light; larger leaves support a ficus in shade, whereas a ficus in sun grows smaller, more compact leaves. Carolyn Williams began writing and editing professionally over 20 years ago. Her work appears on various websites. Mary's College of California. By Carolyn Williams. Soil Whether planting indoors or out, ficus need well-drained soil that is fertile.

Repotting If your ficus is in a pot 10 inches or smaller in diameter, it needs annual repotting to accommodate its growth. Pot Location Ficus love light and warmth, as the plants are native to the warmer climates of Southeast Asia and northern Australia. Leaf Drop Ficus dislike change, so expect leaf drop after potting your ficus.The Ficus genus of plants includes more than woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions.

The ficus species are commonly known as figs ; they are part of the mulberry Moraceae family of plants. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas.

They are generally fast-growing, very vigorous plants that can be invasive when growing conditions are ideal. In areas where fig trees cannot survive outside climates, they are common houseplants. Weeping figs, rubber trees, and fiddle leaf figs are especially popular as for indoor growing. They are also used in creating bonsai. These species often smother their host trees. The sap latex of some ficus species can cause allergic skin reactions. Avoid contact with the eyes, and if picking fig fruit, make sure to wear gloves.

Here are nine fig tree types to consider for your garden. The traditional banyan tree commonly seen in landscapes is the Indian banyan, though the same name is also applied to other species of fig trees. Other common names for this plant include Bengal fig or Indian fig.

These trees are epiphytic —they absorb moisture from the air. The trunks are massive, fluted structures with smooth light-gray bark. The dark green, leathery leaves are elliptical, 4 to 8 inches long. The branches form roots that stretch towards the ground to penetrate and take hold, forming alternate trunks. This effect can make the tree spread out over quite a large area; some specimens are among the largest trees in the world in terms of canopy coverage, covering several acres.

This is a common street plant in tropical Asian countries, occasionally grown as a interesting specimen tree in large private landscapes. The Chinese banyan is another species known as a strangling fig. This tree is commonly used as a street tree in tropical areas, and it is also a common specimen in bonsai gardening.

As the Latin species name tells you, the fruits are small for figs. Like the Indian banyan, this tree can form aerial trunks that allow the canopy to spread over a large distance—spreads of feet or more have been reported. This tree has naturalized in some regions of the tropical U. Regionally, it may carry different common names, including Malayan banyan, Cuban Banyon, and Indian fig. Ficus congesta is a smallish rainforest fig tree.

New leaves are reddish in color when they unfurl. This ficus is rarely grown in ornamental landscape applications, but it serves as a parent species for several useful hybrid ficus varieties. This is the ficus species that produces the edible figs sold in most stores—unless you live in the tropics where other figs are common. The fruit of the common fig is notably rich in vitamins and minerals, and many of these trees, especially some cultivars, are able to produce fruit even without pollination in a process called parthenocarpy.

This is a deciduous tree or large shrub with smooth white bark and 5 to inch-long lobed leaves. It forms the same wide, dome-shaped canopy found in banyans and many other ficus species. In landscape applications, the common fig is often positioned in areas with run-off ravines and gullies, since it has an extensive root system that can seek out water while stabilizing banks and slopes.

This plant will do very well in any climate consistent with the conditions of the Mediterranean or Middle Eastern region. It can survive in some more temperate regions if planted in a sheltered south or west location. This species is a fast-growing woody evergreen vine that can attach itself to the walls of buildings and can be hard to remove it's also commonly known as a climbing fig. Bright green, heart shaped leaves mature to an oval dark green.

Fruits are inedible. This drought-tolerant plant can be trained around wire frames to create topiaries, and is often used as a houseplant. This ficus species has large leathery leaves up to 18 inches similar in shape to a fiddle, inspiring the common name.There are many types of ficus trees that make great houseplants and can also add greenery to your garden.

In general, most varieties of ficus plants are easy to care for. Types of ficus trees include shrub-like plants, creeping vines, and woody trees. As an outdoor tree, ficus plants can be large banyan trees, fig trees, or laurel trees. Indoor varieties of ficus trees are popular plants such as the Fiddle-leaf fig, rubber plant, Audrey ficus, and the Weeping fig. The reason why indoor ficus trees are so popular is that they are very versatile and suit a wide range of interior design needs.

In this article, you will learn about the many types of ficus trees that can add glossy foliage to your home or garden. There are about species of plants in the ficus genus. These woody trees, vines, shrubs, and plants belong to the family Moraceae.

Generally, species of plants in the ficus genus grow in a wide variety of environments. Some types of ficus plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions. Other types of plants in the ficus genus are better suited as houseplants. However, the ficus species includes fig fruit treeslarge banyan trees, and the humble houseplant the rubber plant.

It is also good to remember that some of these varieties of ficus trees make good indoor plants. The Sacred Fig is a type of fast-growing tree that grows well in full sun. The Sacred Fig Ficus religiosa species of ficus is a fast-growing type of tree that is well-suited to warm outdoor environments. The distinctive feature of the Sacred fig is its heart-shaped leaves. With a proper care, this type of outdoor ficus tree can become a delightful ornamental tree in a garden or yard.

Unlike many types of trees in the ficus genus, the Sacred fig enjoys full sunshine to grow well. Regular pruning of this type of ficus tree in the winter and spring can help to keep its height to a manageable level. The Mistletoe fig is a type of shrub with spreading nature.

The Mistletoe fig Ficus deltoidea is classed as a perennial variety of ficus that has thick waxy delta-shaped leaves. This species of ficus shrub-like tree grows outdoors to a height of around 6. The Mistletoe fig has a spreading nature and you can use it to provide plenty of ground cover. However, to grow the Mistletoe fig outdoors, it needs to be in a warm environment.

This ficus tree also makes a good indoor houseplant. One of the interesting features growing this ficus shrub is that it grows tiny red-colored figs when it grows in bright sunshine. The Indian Laurel is a ficus tree that needs a warm humid environment. Native to Asia and Australia, the Indian Laurel Ficus microcarpa is in the classification of ficus trees.

Planted as an outdoor ficus tree, the Indian Laurel needs to grow in subtropical and tropical climates. This type of ficus plant can be pruned to be an ornamental tree to provide plenty of shade in gardens. Because the Indian Laurel needs a warm humid environment, cultivars of the Ficus microcarpa are popular as houseplants.

The Indian Laurel is also a popular type of bonsai ficus miniature tree. One interesting cultivar is the Ficus Emerald Green. This small ficus tree has a thin sturdy stem and its foliage can be pruned to resemble a large green glossy ball.

The common fig tree belongs to the ficus family of plants. The Ficus carica is the common fig tree and can be grown as an ornamental plant in temperate climates. Of course, fig trees that are native to Middle Eastern and Mediterranean countries are well-known for producing delicious fig fruits. You can also grow cultivars of this ficus shrub tree even if you live in cooler climates.

You can also choose tree-type ficus plants to grow indoors as houseplants.Ficus elasticathe rubber figrubber bushrubber treerubber plantor Indian rubber bushIndian rubber treeis a species of plant in the fig genus, native to eastern parts of South Asia and southeast Asia.

The trunk develops aerial and buttressing roots to anchor it in the soil and help support heavy branches. It has broad shiny oval leaves 10—35 centimetres 3.

The leaves develop inside a sheath at the apical meristemwhich grows larger as the new leaf develops. When it is mature, it unfurls and the sheath drops off the plant. Inside the new leaf, another immature leaf is waiting to develop. As with other members of the genus Ficusthe flowers require a particular species of fig wasp to pollinate it in a co-evolved relationship.

Because of this relationship, the rubber plant does not produce highly colourful or fragrant flowers to attract other pollinators. The fruit is a small yellow-green oval fig 1 centimetre 0. It has been widely introduced in most tropical regions of the world, including Hawaii and the West Indies. In parts of India, people guide the roots of the tree over chasms to eventually form living bridges. Ficus elastica is grown around the world as an ornamental plantoutside in frost-free climates from the tropical to the Mediterranean and inside in colder climates as a houseplant.

Although it is grown in Hawaiithe species of fig wasp required to allow it to spread naturally is not present there. Most cultivated plants are produced by vegetative propagation.

8 Types of Indoor Ficus Plants | Best Ficus Trees for Home

This can be done by cuttings or by layering. This last method consists in notching the stem of the plant. The wound, which leaves the latex of the plant oozing, is coated with rooting hormones and tightly wrapped with moist foam. The hole is covered with a plastic film and left a few months at the end of which new roots have developed from the axillary buds. The stem is then weaned and the new plant can be repotted. All parts of the plant contain an abundant milky white latexwhich has been tested for use in the manufacture of rubber, but without economic and technical results; commercial rubber is actually produced from the sap of the Hevea brasiliensis.

In cultivation, it prefers bright sunlight but not hot temperatures. It has a high tolerance for drought, but prefers humidity and thrives in wet, tropical conditions. Ornamental hybrids such as Robusta have been derived from Ficus elastica with broader, stiffer and more upright leaves than the wild form.

Many such hybrids exist, often with variegated leaves. Ficus elastica yields a milky white latexa chemical compound separate from its sap and carried and stored in different cells. Just as with Hevea brasiliensisthe latex of Ficus elastica is an irritant to the eyes and skin and is toxic if taken internally.

An illustration of Ficus elastica trained as a living bridge.

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